Nutrition is the most important requirement for conceiving, carrying, and giving birth to a healthy child. The vitamins and minerals that are specifically required to be supplemented in prenatal care to bridge the gap between daily requirement and dietary sources are:
- Folic acid: It is essential to prevent any possible brain and neural tube damage and promote healthy brain development.
- Iron: Iron is important to be supplemented along with food sources to prevent lethargy and anemia.
- Calcium: Calcium is important for maintaining optimum bone health of the pregnant woman. It is also essential for healthy bone development of the child. Eating calcium-rich foods and a consuming a supplement should be part of a healthy pregnancy.
- Vitamin D: It is important for the absorption of calcium and other important vitamins and minerals.
Apart from the above-mentioned supplements, healthy doses of Vitamin C, iodine, zinc, and copper are also required.